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are friendly, lively companions that are often used as family dogs.
Their suspicion of strangers, alertness, agility, and strength make
them formidable guard dogs. They also sometimes appear at dog agility
trials and flyball events. Before dog fighting was made illegal, Boxers
were often used in dog fights. These strong and intelligent
animals have even been sometimes used as service dogs, guide dogs for
the blind and police dogs in K9 units in place of the typical German
Shepherd. The versatility of Boxers was recognized by the military,
which used them as valuable messenger dogs, pack carriers, and attack
and guard dogs in times of war. While it may have a tendency towards
being stubborn, this breed is sensitive and responsive to training.
It has been known to be aggressive towards strange dogs, but usually
the boxer is good with other family dogs and pets. This breed bonds
closely with its family. The playful spirit of this dog is seen when
it paws at food or water dishes when they are empty and by its love
of jumping. Boxers need a lot of human companionship, and an active
family is best. Firm and consistent training from a young age is highly
The character of the Boxer is of the greatest importance and demands the most careful attention. He is renowned for his great love and faithfulness to his master and household, his alertness, and fearless courage as a defender and protector. The Boxer is docile but distrustful of strangers. He is bright and friendly in play but brave and determined when roused. His intelligence and willing tractability, his modesty, and cleanliness make him a highly desirable family dog and cheerful companion. He is the soul of honesty and loyalty. He is never false or treacherous even in his old age.
Boxers are a bright, energetic and playful breed and tend to be very good with children. It's best if obedience training is started early since they also have a strong personality and therefore can be harder to train when older. This plus their strength might present a challenge for a first-time dog owner. Boxers have earned a slight reputation of being "headstrong", which can be related to inappropriate obedience training. As a highly intelligent breed, Boxers tend to respond better to training which allows them to think for themselves, rather than learn by repetition. It is also true that Boxers have a very long puppyhood and adolescence, and are often called the "Peter Pan" of the dog world. They are not considered fully mature until age three, one of the longest times in dogdom, and thus need early training to keep their high energy from wearing out their owner.
The Boxer by nature
is not an aggressive or vicious breed but needs socialization to tolerate
other dogs well. His sometimes over-protective, territorial and dominating
attitude, most intense in males, can be problematic. Boxers are generally
patient with smaller dogs but can be dominant with larger dogs of the
same sex. A poorly bred or trained dog is capable of seriously injuring
or killing other animals.
Easily groomed, the boxer's smooth, short coat should be occasionally brushed with a firm bristle brush. Bathing should only be done when absolutely necessary, because it removes the natural oils found in the skin of this breed. The boxer is considered to be an average shedder, and it is a very clean breed. Most will groom themselves as cats do. Daily mental and physical stimulation is important for the boxer breed. While this dog enjoys a good run, its exercise requirements can be met with a long walk on leash. Note that this breed does not do well in hot or cold weather. If provided with enough exercise, the boxer will do fine in an apartment dwelling. An average-sized yard is suggested. This dog is very social, and it should given plenty of time with the family.
are prone to develop cancers, heart conditions such as Aortic Stenosis
and Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (the so-called "Boxer
Cardiomyopathy"), hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, and degenerative
myelopathy; other conditions that may be seen are torsion (bloat), intestinal
problems, and allergies (although these last two may be more related
to diet rather than breed). Poor breeding can also lead to entropion,
a malformation of the eyelid requiring surgical correction. Responsible
breeders test their breeding stock before breeding and in some cases
throughout the life of the dog in an attempt to minimize the occurrence
of these diseases in future generations.
there are many theories as to the origin of the boxer, the breed is
said to have reached its perfection in Germany within the past century.
Most believe that the boxer comes from European line of dogs that have
been around since the 16th century. Some evidence suggests that the
boxer is one of the many descendants of the old fighting dog found in
the high valleys of Tibet. It is also accepted that this breed is a
cousin to just about all breeds within the bulldog type. The Dogue de
Bordeaux of France is a breed that is similar in appearance and size
to the old Tibetan Mastiff. The Bouldogue de Mida (found in the south
of France) was apparently developed from the Dogue de Bordeaux, and
it shares many of the same characteristics of the boxer. While it is
generally believed that all the European breeds previously mentioned
are in some way related to the boxer, this favorite breed of Germany
was developed to retain all of its older qualities with a more attractive
look. Other sources claim that the boxer was derived from two breeds
of dog found in central Europe that no longer exist: the Danziger bullenbaiser
and the Brabenter bullenbaiser. In this account, it is believed that
in the 1830s German hunters tried to create a new breed by crossing
the bullenbaisers with mastiff-type dogs and bulldogs. This resulted
in a tough yet agile dog that featured a streamlined body and a strong
grip. This origin states that by 1895, the new breed, called the boxer,
had been established. The exact origin of the name boxer is rather obscure,
but it may have taken from the German boxl. In addition to being related
to the Bulldog, it is said that the boxer is also influenced by a strain
of terrier. Others think that there is reason to believe that English
Bulldogs were imported into Germany at one time, as evidenced by Reinagle's
Bulldog, which was done in 1803. This work of art depicts a bulldog
that is very similar in appearance to the boxer. One of the first dogs
to be used in military and police work, the boxer became better known
as a family pet and show dog by the 1900s. The boxer was first registered
with the AKC in 1904, but the first championship did not take place
until 1915. It was about 1940 before Americans showed interest in this
breed, a time when the boxer won in Group and Best in Show.
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