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The bulldog (often called the English Bulldog or British Bulldog) is a medium-size dog breed that originated in England.
bulldog is a relatively small but stocky breed, with a compact body
and short, sturdy limbs. Its shape results in a waddle-like gait. Bulldogs
are known for their short muzzles and the saggy skin on their faces,
creating the apparent "frown" that has become a trademark
of the breed. Bulldogs come in a variety of colours and ideally have
a smooth, short coat. The size for a mature dog is about 50 pounds (23
kg); that for mature females is about 40 pounds (18 kg). Though appearing
stout, the adult bulldog measures only about 12-14 inches (30-36 cm)
tall at the shoulder. Many people think bulldogs are cute because of
these characteristics and that makes them a popular pet.
Contrary to classic cartoon parodies and nicknames of the breed, such as 'Sour-Puss,' that depicted the bulldog as ferocious and wearing a spiked dog collar, the bulldog is not a vicious dog breed and gets along well with humans, including children, and usually other dog breeds. The reputation of being ferocious was true during the days of bullbaiting, but the aggressive tendencies were bred out of them by the time of the Second World War. Bulldogs are very friendly and playful, while also being stubborn and protective.
A bulldog is great
for houses as well as apartments, due to the little exercise they require,
especially as adults. Nonetheless, puppies may be destructive until
While caring for the coat of the bulldog takes minimal time and effort, the wrinkles around the face, and any folds around the tail, need to be attended to and cleaned on a daily basis. Grooming of the fine, short-haired coat consists of combing or brushing with a firm bristle brush. Bathing should only be done when necessary. This breed is considered to be an average shedder. The bulldog is not a particularly active breed, but a daily walk is recommended. This dog should not run or walk long distances, and it is very sensitive to hot, humid weather. The bulldog is appropriate for apartment dwelling, as it is an indoor dog that is relatively inactive. Many snore, wheeze, and drool.
tend to have breathing problems as their flat face restricts air; because
of this they should be closely monitored in hot weather as they can
suffer heat stroke more easily than breeds with long noses. In addition,
many bulldogs also suffer breathing difficulties as a result of their
palate, which can all too easily collapse into their airway. The collapsed
palate can be fixed easily with surgery, but if left untreated, it can
yield trademark breathing and snoring difficulties characteristic of
the breed. Bulldogs also have problems with swimming and can drown if
left unattended near a pool. Other common health problems include cherry
eye, allergies, and (among older bulldogs) hip problems and cataracts.
Because of the large heads in proportion to body size, baby bulldogs
are usually delivered by Caesarean section as most pups get stuck in
the birth canal during natural birth.
The term "bulldog" was first used around 1500 and might have been applied to various ancestors of modern bulldog breeds. In the 1600s, bulldogs were used for bullbaiting (as well as bearbaiting), a wagering sport popular in the 17th century in which trained bulldogs leapt at a bull lashed to a post, latched onto its snout and attempted to suffocate it. The practice of bullbaiting was banned in England in 1835.
After bullbaiting was banned, the breed began to die out (known as the Old English Bulldog) until fans turned to conformation dog shows. The first show to have a class for bulldogs was in Birmingham. Just a few years later, in 1864, a club was organized to enhance the breed. Unfortunately, this group never picked a specific breed standard, and in 1891 the two top bulldogs, King Orry and Dockleaf, were greatly different in appearance. King Orry was reminiscent of the original bulldogslighter boned and very athletic. Dockleaf was smaller and heavier setmore like modern bulldogs. Dockleaf was declared the winner that year. Although some argued that the older version of the bulldog (known as the Old English Bulldog) was more fit to perform, the modern versions looks won over the fans of the breed.
Recently, many people
have tried to recreate a breed more akin to the original bullbaiter.
Examples of the trend are the Olde Englishe Bulldogge, Renaissance Bulldog,
Victorian, Continental and Dorset Old Tyme Bulldog.
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