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poodle is square in shape with a stylish and dignified appearance. The
poodle comes in three varieties the standard, the miniature and
the toy. The breed standard for all varieties is the same except for
the size. Its head is carried upright, and its gait is light and springy.
Its ears are flat and wide and lay close to its head. The toy poodle
is a small dog with dark eyes, a docked tail, and a clipped curly coat.
The miniature poodle has black or brown eyes, a curly or corded coat,
and a high-set tail that is docked to at least half its original length.
The standard poodle has very dark eyes, a wiry coat, and a tail that
is docked to half its length. The breeds thick coat is a solid
color and usually groomed in one of three styles. The pet clip
or puppy clip has short hair of equal length all over. The English
saddle" clip and the "Continental" clip are partially
shaved with bracelets left on the ankles and balls of fur left on the
tail and hips. Colors include black, blue, silver, gray, cream, apricot,
red, white, brown, or cafe-au-lait.
Poodles are intelligent, alert, and active. Arguably one of the most intelligent breeds , their aptitude has made them ideal for performing in circuses across the globe for centuries. Because they are so intelligent, they can become bored easily, and can get quite creative about finding mischief.
Poodles are extremely
people-oriented dogs and, therefore, are eager to please. They are excellent
watchdogs, but unlike some working breeds, don't usually become "one-person"
dogs when they are part of a family. Standard Poodles in particular
tend to be good with children. When they are from good bloodlines, all
three varieties are fairly mellow dogs. Poodles are adaptable and easy
to train. They don't require as much exercise as other hunting or working
breeds (even the Standards), but being agile and athletic, they appreciate
lots of exercise.
All Poodles require frequent grooming, including trimming, brushing and shampooing. Their coats should be trimmed every six weeks. During the shedding period, the poodles hair does not fall out, but rather sticks to its coat causing matting if not combed out. A show poodle requires much more grooming, but even a companion pet should be professional groomed every month and a half or so. The familiar poodle clip was designed to be lightweight when waterlogged while still keeping the joints and major organs warm. Additionally, the poodles ears need cleaned of wax and hair, nails need trimmed, and teeth should be brushed. This intelligent breed enjoys social interaction along with mental and physical challenges. The miniature and toy poodles only require minimal exercise, such as a game or a walk. The standard poodle requires a more vigorous workout than the smaller members of the breed. It enjoys retrieving as well as swimming. It will also do better in a house with a fenced yard, while the toy and miniature poodles do well in an apartment. Poodles should never be kept outdoors.
As with any purebred dog, there are many health concerns for the Poodle owner to be aware of. Though the Poodle is usually a healthy, long-lived canine (it's not unheard of to see a 15-year-old Toy or Miniature Poodle or a 12-year-old Standard Poodle), owners should be aware of the health problems that this breed is predisposed to.
Always consult with a veterinarian that you feel comfortable with before diagnosing or treating any disease on your own.
The health concerns that people owning Toy Poodles must be aware of include: cataracts, entropion, epilepsy, intervertebral disc degeneration, lacrimal duct atresia (deformed or absent tear ducts that cause tears to run down the face), Legg-Perthes, patellar luxation, PRA (progressive retinal atrophy) , trichiasis, and urolithiasis.
For the Miniature Poodle, owners must watch for: cataracts, congenital heart disease, distichiasis, entropion, epilepsy, glaucoma, intervertebral disc degeneration, lacrimal duct atresia, Legg-Perthes, PRA (progressive retinal atrophy), patellar luxation, trichiasis, and urolithiasis.
For the Standard Poodle, owners must watch for: Addison's Disease, cataracts, CHD (Canine Hip Dysplasia), distichiasis, entropion, epilepsy, gastric torsion, PDA (patent ductus arteriosus), sebaceous adenitis, and vWD (Von Willebrand's disease).
All three breeds
are predisposed towards certain types of mammary tumors, so if the Poodle
owner doesn't plan on breeding their female, then they should consider
spaying her before her first heat cycle. This dramatically cuts down
the Poodle's chances of developing quite a few different types of mammary
tumors later in life.
Poodle is instantly recognizable as one of the most popular breeds in
the world. The breed has a lot going for it, not the least of which
is its remarkable intelligence. The poodle is officially recognized
as originating in France (though some still claim Germany and Denmark
as other possibilities as well). Its earlier ancestors were most likely
curly-coated dogs from Asia. The poodle was initially a water dog and
its development had a lot of German influence. The very name poodle
is anglicized from the German pfudel, which means to
splash or puddle. In France, the poodle is more renowned
for its prowess at duck hunting. The poodle has served man in many ways
including guide dog, guard dog, military service dog and circus performer.
The coat is generally shorn to accommodate swimming. There is some controversy
surrounding the puffed hair at the knees and tip of the tail. Some believe
that they were shorn that way for protection while they were hunting.
The majority of evidence points to the puffs being purely decorative
for performing purposes. The poodle became a regal companion to the
societal elite. It was the favorite of the French aristocrats. A successful
effort was made to perfect the smaller poodles. Individuals began showeing
the poodle in the 1800s. Some of the earlier show poodles were shown
with long, matted and thin coats. This method was later abandoned due
to the difficulty of the upkeep of these coats. As popular as poodles
are in America today, they nearly died out in the US in the late 1920s
due to a lack of popularity.
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